Statistical Summary - Railway Occurrences 2015 - Data tables

Foreword

The following data tables are associated with the Statistical Summary – Railway Occurrences 2015.

The tables contain selected data concerning federally regulated railways only.

The TSB gathers and uses these data during the course of its investigations to analyse safety deficiencies and identify risks in the Canadian transportation system.

The 2015 data were collected according to the reporting requirements described in the Transportation Safety Board Regulations in force during that calendar year.

The statistics presented here reflect the TSB database at 17 February 2016. Since the occurrence data are constantly being updated in the live database, the statistics may change slightly over time.

Because many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified. Consequently, be cautious in using these statistics.


Table 1. Railway occurrences and casualties 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Accidents 1371 1334 1199 1055 1116 1072 1051 1100 1238 1200
Main-track collisions 2 9 7 5 4 3 6 4 9 4
Main-track derailments - 1-2 cars* 83 76 67 39 41 49 35 52 46 42
Main-Track Train Derailments - 3-5 cars 8 25 16 6 11 17 10 13 15 8
Main-Track Train Derailments - 6 or more cars 48 59 46 22 30 44 23 19 41 27
Crossing accidents 244 221 223 188 180 171 192 184 185 165
Non-main-track collisions 110 105 92 95 95 89 101 94 114 95
Non-main-track derailments - 1-2 cars (a)* 567 467 446 395 457 404 424 437 523 534
Non-Main-Track Train Derailments - 3-5 cars (a) 104 138 101 89 93 91 77 89 90 87
Non-Main-Track Train Derailments - 6 or more cars (a) 32 36 42 25 26 27 29 25 34 26
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 17 30 27 50 36 34 25 41 34 53
Employee/Passenger accidents 16 18 12 12 9 11 7 8 12 15
Trespasser accidents 90 97 71 71 81 66 72 58 55 50
Fires/Explosions 25 25 12 20 30 23 17 11 36 32
Other accident types 25 28 37 38 23 43 33 65 44 62
Reportable incidents 220 223 216 209 188 233 238 224 218 216
Dangerous goods leaker** 82 88 64 78 68 79 93 94 63 33
Main-track switch in abnormal position 7 7 13 4 5 10 5 7 7 13
Movement exceeds limits of authority 101 106 111 106 101 118 120 98 129 142
Runaway rolling stock 12 13 16 13 5 16 13 14 10 14
Other reportable incidents 18 9 12 8 9 10 7 11 9 13
Main-track accidents (b) 209 258 209 170 165 201 136 184 212 223
Million main-track train-miles (MMTTM) (c) 86.9 84.5 83.1 72.2 77.6 78.4 80.1 78.5 76.5 74.3
Main-track accidents/MMTTM 2.4 3.1 2.5 2.4 2.1 2.6 1.7 2.3 2.8 3.0
Accidents involving dangerous goods 185 191 153 133 141 120 119 145 174 144
Main-track derailments 18 35 23 11 13 20 6 11 25 12
Crossing accidents 5 6 4 3 7 1 4 5 5 4
Non-main-track collisions 41 41 33 32 26 20 21 26 37 32
Non-main-track derailments 109 101 85 81 88 73 87 98 97 92
Other accident types 12 8 8 6 7 6 1 5 10 4
Accidents with a dangerous goods release 4 3 3 3 3 3 2 7 4 6
Accidents Involving Runaway Rolling Stock 35 36 21 28 22 20 28 29 20 28
Fatalities for reportable occurrences 95 84 74 71 81 71 82 126 57 46
Crossing accidents 28 26 28 19 24 25 33 30 21 15
Trespasser accidents 59 55 45 52 55 43 45 44 33 30
Other occurrence types (d) 8 3 1 0 2 3 4 52 3 1
Serious injuries for reportable occurrences 71 59 65 50 64 52 73 39 53 50
Crossing accidents 30 23 37 21 28 22 32 27 29 18
Trespasser accidents 27 24 20 15 19 21 22 10 21 17
Other occurrence types (d) 14 12 8 14 17 9 19 2 3 15
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
a. Data from 2005 to 2007 have been adjusted in light of clarifications to industry of TSB's reporting requirements.
b. Accidents which occurred on main-track or spurs, excluding crossing and trespasser accidents.
c. Main-track train-miles are estimated (Source: Transport Canada).
d. See Table 2 for details on occurrences by type.
*New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.
**Under the new reporting requirements the minimum reporting threshold for incidents (200 litres) involving the release of low vapour pressure flammable liquids has been harmonized with Part 8 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.
Table 2. Fatalities and serious injuries (type of occurrence, person type) 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Fatalities for reportable occurrences 95 84 74 71 81 71 82 126 57 46
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 3 1 0 0 1 0 3 47 0 0
Crossing accidents 28 26 28 19 24 25 33 30 21 15
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Employee/Passenger accidents 4 1 1 0 1 1 0 4 2 1
Trespasser accidents 59 55 45 52 55 43 45 44 33 30
Other accident types 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0
Reportable incidents 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries for reportable occurrences 71 59 65 50 64 52 73 39 53 50
Main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 2 2 0 0 8 0 10 0 0 0
Crossing accidents 30 23 37 21 28 22 32 27 29 18
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Collisions/Derailments involving track units 0 0 0 2 2 1 0 0 0 0
Employee/Passenger accidents 10 8 7 8 7 7 6 1 1 11
Trespasser accidents 27 24 20 15 19 21 22 10 21 17
Other accident types 0 1 0 4 0 1 0 0 0 2
Reportable incidents 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 2 2
Fatalities by person type 95 84 74 71 81 71 82 126 57 46
Employees 6 2 1 0 1 1 4 5 2 1
Passengers 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Pedestrians 10 11 11 3 8 6 17 13 8 3
Vehicle occupants 16 16 14 17 15 22 16 17 12 11
Trespassers 59 55 45 50 55 42 45 44 33 31
Other person types 2 0 2 1 1 0 0 47 1 0
Serious injuries by person type 71 59 65 50 64 52 73 39 53 50
Employees 14 12 11 13 12 8 9 2 7 8
Passengers 1 0 1 1 7 0 14 1 1 8
Pedestrians 3 6 2 0 4 5 5 3 1 2
Vehicle occupants 24 17 31 22 22 18 23 23 21 16
Trespassers 28 24 20 14 19 21 22 10 23 16
Other person types 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
Table 3. Number of trains (rolling stock) involved in accidents by train type and accident type 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Freight trains 1015 1052 1005 808 842 823 800 838 614 438
Main-track collisions 2 12 9 8 6 4 8 7 8 6
Main-track derailments 134 155 119 64 76 102 62 79 92 67
Non-main-track collisions 115 99 98 82 95 95 94 86 47 28
Non-main-track derailments 445 482 491 405 421 401 382 425 247 126
Crossing accidents 199 181 187 148 137 132 160 144 139 117
Trespasser accidents 69 65 49 50 53 43 51 39 39 36
Other accident types 51 58 52 51 54 46 43 58 42 58
Passenger trains 72 83 79 69 63 72 49 47 56 57
Main-track collisions 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Main-track derailments 3 0 3 0 3 2 2 3 3 2
Non-main-track collisions 1 4 3 1 1 5 1 0 1 0
Non-main-track derailments 10 8 17 11 8 5 5 4 3 7
Crossing accidents 34 28 25 26 21 20 15 17 18 16
Trespasser accidents 18 32 20 20 27 23 18 17 13 10
Other accident types 6 11 9 11 3 17 8 6 17 22
Track units 41 50 48 82 66 61 41 76 55 88
Main-track collisions 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track collisions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-main-track derailments 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Crossing accidents 7 3 5 4 9 7 2 7 2 5
Trespasser accidents 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other accident types 33 46 43 78 56 54 39 69 53 83
Single car/Cut of cars 143 150 108 141 136 121 131 125 450 560
Main-track collisions 0 0 1 1 0 1 2 0 6 0
Main-track derailments 1 3 1 1 1 5 1 2 8 3
Non-main-track collisions 63 64 53 89 69 53 70 59 119 104
Non-main-track derailments 73 78 49 42 57 51 49 50 288 410
Crossing accidents 1 1 1 2 0 0 1 1 9 17
Trespasser accidents 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4
Other accident types 5 4 3 6 9 11 8 13 19 22
Other train/rolling stock types (a) 208 122 69 86 140 107 150 112 182 159
Main-track collisions 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
Main-track derailments 1 5 6 2 2 3 3 1 1 5
Non-main-track collisions 13 10 8 8 20 15 27 13 30 18
Non-main-track derailments 182 86 42 61 101 69 98 74 116 116
Crossing accidents 5 10 8 8 13 12 14 15 17 10
Trespasser accidents 2 0 2 1 2 0 3 2 2 0
Other accident types 5 10 3 6 1 8 4 7 16 10
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
As some accidents may involve more than one train (rolling stock), the number of trains involved may differ from the total number of accidents.
a. Other train/rolling stock types include mainly locomotive. Note that from 2005 to 2007, the categories also include uncategorized data submitted in June 2007 as a result of clarification to industry of TSB reporting requirements.
New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.
Table 4a. Main-track derailments (province, number of derailed cars) 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Main-track derailments by province 139 160 129 67 82 110 68 84 102 77
Newfoundland & Labrador 1 1 1 0 3 1 1 1 0 0
Nova Scotia 1 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
New Brunswick 0 6 1 1 0 0 0 1 3 2
Quebec 21 12 16 8 9 10 8 8 12 9
Ontario 41 39 35 21 19 24 8 19 20 21
Manitoba 9 12 13 4 9 19 9 3 10 4
Saskatchewan 12 18 14 9 14 11 4 13 10 9
Alberta 20 31 31 13 14 21 17 19 30 17
British Columbia 34 39 18 10 14 24 21 19 17 15
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Derailments per million main-track train-miles (a) 1.60 1.89 1.55 0.93 1.06 1.40 0.85 1.07 1.33 1.04
Derailments per billion gross ton-miles (b) 0.30 0.35 0.29 0.17 0.18 0.23 0.13 0.16 0.18 n/a
Derailments by number of derailed cars 139 160 129 67 82 110 68 84 102 77
1 car 66 62 55 29 30 39 29 47 30 31
2 cars 17 14 12 10 11 10 6 5 16 11
3 cars 3 11 6 3 2 6 4 5 4 4
4 cars 0 8 5 3 3 6 2 6 6 2
5 to 10 cars 23 27 24 12 19 29 16 7 22 16
11 cars or more 30 38 27 10 17 20 11 14 24 13
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
a. The source of the million main-track train-miles is Transport Canada. Data are estimated.
b. The source of the billion gross ton-miles is the Railway Association of Canada.
New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.
Table 4b. Main-track derailments (assigned factors) 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total number of assigned factors 173 182 153 81 91 126 69 95 108 79
Environmental 8 17 12 6 1 6 4 5 11 3
Equipment 54 61 42 23 27 48 19 33 26 23
Axle 5 14 11 5 7 11 6 8 3 6
Brakes 8 8 3 6 3 7 3 3 4 4
Draft system 5 10 4 4 4 4 4 2 5 5
Superstrucure 6 8 5 0 2 3 2 7 3 1
Truck 8 5 5 1 5 7 2 5 6 2
Wheel 21 16 12 7 6 16 2 8 5 5
Track 67 59 62 34 33 45 28 30 47 31
Geometry 24 25 23 12 16 18 14 10 11 8
Object on track 2 1 1 1 2 2 0 2 1 0
Other track material 4 2 6 5 2 4 2 0 7 1
Rail 25 18 27 7 7 12 8 12 16 11
Roadbed 8 3 4 5 2 6 4 4 5 7
Switch 2 0 1 2 2 1 0 0 5 1
Turnouts 0 6 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0
Actions 21 20 20 10 24 19 16 25 18 14
Failure to protect 3 4 8 3 2 5 5 5 4 3
Failure to secure 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
Failure to use equipment properly 6 6 6 5 10 7 2 9 6 5
Improper loading/lifting 2 3 1 1 3 0 2 2 3 2
Improper placement/position for task 1 2 1 0 4 2 2 6 3 1
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 4 1 3 0 1 1 0 0 0 1
Operating at improper speed 5 1 1 0 3 3 2 2 2 2
Vandalism 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Other actions 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
Other assigned factors 23 25 17 8 6 8 2 2 6 8
Derailments by number of assigned factors 139 160 129 67 82 110 68 84 102 77
One factor assigned 119 146 117 58 74 98 67 73 93 69
More than one factor assigned 18 12 12 9 7 12 1 10 6 4
No factor assigned 2 2 0 0 1 0 0 1 3 4
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.
Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Equipment or Track), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.
New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.
Table 5a. Non-main-track collisions (province, number of derailed cars) 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Non-main-track collisions by province 110 105 92 95 95 89 101 94 114 95
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 5 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 4 0
Quebec 19 11 5 6 11 12 8 10 5 11
Ontario 25 30 26 24 15 17 10 16 26 20
Manitoba 7 13 9 15 15 15 21 14 19 14
Saskatchewan 8 11 10 5 3 8 12 11 23 9
Alberta 24 23 27 25 29 16 34 28 20 18
British Columbia 21 15 11 19 21 20 15 13 17 22
Northwest Territories/Yukon 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Collisions by number of derailed cars 110 105 92 95 95 89 101 94 114 95
No cars derailed 56 41 33 49 52 50 63 64 70 64
1 car 28 25 24 26 24 21 14 18 20 23
2 cars 10 15 11 8 7 8 10 7 13 1
3 cars 7 8 9 5 4 3 6 2 4 3
4 cars 4 9 8 3 4 5 5 0 3 2
5 to 10 cars 5 5 5 3 3 2 3 3 3 2
11 cars or more 0 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 1 0
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
Table 5b. Non-main-track collisions (assigned factors) 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total number of assigned factors 129 122 99 107 112 105 114 113 129 104
Environmental 1 4 1 4 1 2 4 1 2 2
Equipment 1 4 1 2 1 3 4 5 5 2
Track 2 2 4 6 5 1 3 6 8 7
Actions 109 92 73 83 97 92 100 95 112 91
Failure to protect 64 61 49 55 64 64 63 54 68 61
Failure to secure 26 18 7 12 11 10 16 13 11 5
Failure to use equipment properly 6 5 10 11 9 9 10 14 18 14
Improper placement/position for task 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 1
Inadequate/Inappropriate communications 2 3 0 1 3 4 2 3 2 3
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Operating at improper speed 8 5 7 4 7 5 8 8 13 7
Vandalism 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other actions 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0
Other assigned factors 16 20 20 12 8 7 3 6 2 2
Collisions by number of assigned factors 110 105 92 95 95 89 101 94 114 95
One factor assigned 92 92 87 83 78 73 88 73 103 86
More than one factor assigned 17 13 4 12 17 16 13 20 11 8
No factor assigned 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.
Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.
Table 6a. Non-main-track derailments (province, number of derailed cars) 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Non-main-track derailments by province 703 641 589 509 576 522 530 551 647 647
Newfoundland & Labrador 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 6
Nova Scotia 14 6 3 5 4 3 4 2 4 6
New Brunswick 24 11 17 8 10 14 8 6 12 15
Quebec 117 70 71 52 61 64 75 55 57 102
Ontario 201 165 141 110 116 108 95 93 118 139
Manitoba 52 47 65 75 89 75 68 70 88 84
Saskatchewan 48 71 51 44 62 79 68 87 84 63
Alberta 143 149 117 130 151 103 144 145 177 122
British Columbia 103 121 124 81 83 74 67 91 105 110
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 1 0 2 0 2 0 1 2 0
Derailments by number of derailed cars 703 641 589 509 576 522 530 551 647 647
1 car 396 340 308 290 316 291 301 335 415 437
2 cars 171 127 138 105 141 113 123 102 108 97
3 cars 44 79 56 40 56 47 39 48 49 53
4 cars 40 39 24 32 17 29 22 26 23 26
5 to 10 cars 44 53 54 41 43 37 40 37 46 29
11 cars or more 8 3 9 1 3 5 5 3 6 5
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.
Table 6b. Non main-track derailments (assigned factors) 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total number of assigned factors 741 671 622 546 639 577 563 619 686 692
Environmental 18 40 47 24 29 57 29 81 91 62
Equipment 52 54 41 50 54 57 51 39 50 35
Axle 1 3 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Brakes 13 9 12 18 14 14 6 7 10 8
Draft system 8 11 9 15 16 11 10 5 10 3
Superstrucure 9 10 7 5 5 11 8 7 10 5
Truck 11 7 4 4 9 7 17 14 12 9
Wheel 10 10 5 8 9 13 8 6 8 10
Track 282 243 238 209 237 175 207 203 218 213
Appurtenances 2 1 1 1 0 0 4 1 2 1
Geometry 97 102 90 95 107 71 80 72 82 69
Object on track 14 1 6 5 1 2 3 2 1 3
Other track material 25 14 8 11 14 7 6 5 3 5
Rail 32 30 31 26 24 19 30 37 31 30
Roadbed 6 8 9 5 15 25 13 10 9 10
Signals 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
Switch 48 37 58 37 52 35 54 58 66 70
Turnouts 48 33 27 25 19 13 12 12 20 18
Actions 329 286 264 224 293 255 255 269 307 351
Failure to protect 193 184 170 150 176 147 140 140 180 201
Failure to secure 7 9 9 3 7 3 11 6 8 3
Failure to use equipment properly 93 66 49 47 70 76 77 84 85 93
Improper loading/lifting 3 0 8 2 8 8 4 7 5 8
Improper placement/position for task 10 6 4 9 8 8 11 8 9 9
Inadequate/Inappropriate communications 4 1 6 2 3 2 2 3 4 5
Inadequate/Inappropriate maintenance of equipment 5 7 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 3
Operating at improper speed 6 5 11 6 14 4 3 10 14 21
Vandalism 7 5 5 4 5 6 3 5 1 7
Other actions 1 3 2 1 0 1 4 5 1 1
Other assigned factors 60 48 32 39 26 33 21 27 20 31
Derailments by number of assigned factors 703 641 589 509 576 522 530 551 647 647
One factor assigned 630 597 557 477 516 457 497 476 613 612
More than one factor assigned 51 36 31 32 60 60 33 70 34 32
No factor assigned 22 8 1 0 0 5 0 5 0 3
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.
Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Equipment or Track), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.
New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements all derailments are reportable.
Table 7. Crossing accidents by type and protection 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Crossing accidents 244 221 223 188 180 171 192 184 185 165
Public crossings 199 187 178 157 154 148 170 172 154 131
Passive warnings 76 74 63 56 67 59 73 65 68 52
Automated warnings 123 113 115 101 87 89 97 107 86 79
Flashing lights & bells 77 65 73 55 56 52 48 56 47 37
Gates 38 39 40 44 30 36 49 44 38 42
Other automated warnings 8 9 2 2 1 1 0 7 1 0
Private crossings 43 28 39 30 24 15 18 10 27 28
Farm crossings 2 6 6 1 2 8 4 2 4 6
Fatal accidents 25 23 26 17 19 24 28 22 20 15
Fatalities 28 26 28 19 24 25 33 30 21 15
Public crossings 26 24 26 18 23 21 32 30 20 13
Passive warnings 8 6 5 6 5 5 14 3 2 2
Automated warnings 18 18 21 12 18 16 18 27 18 11
Flashing lights & bells 10 8 9 6 8 9 7 7 3 2
Gates 8 9 12 6 10 7 11 20 15 9
Other automated warnings 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private crossings 2 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1
Farm crossings 0 0 1 0 0 3 1 0 0 1
Serious injuries 30 23 37 21 28 22 32 27 29 18
Public crossings 28 23 31 20 25 20 29 26 22 18
Passive warnings 8 13 13 9 14 3 15 7 11 4
Automated warnings 20 10 18 11 11 17 14 19 11 14
Flashing lights & bells 13 5 16 8 5 9 6 4 6 4
Gates 7 5 2 3 6 8 8 13 5 10
Other automated warnings 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0
Private crossings 2 0 4 1 3 1 3 0 7 0
Farm crossings 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Number of public crossings (a) 18,553 17,450 n/a 17,425 16,718 16,413 16,229 16,113 15,950 15,724
Passive warnings 12,138 11,439 n/a 11,722 11,112 10,826 10,628 10,548 10,397 10,173
Automated warnings 6,415 6,011 n/a 5,703 5,606 5,587 5,601 5,565 5,553 5,551
Flashing lights & bells 4,193 3,827 n/a 3,526 3,365 3,308 3,288 3,235 3,189 3,156
Gates 2,175 2,150 n/a 2,116 2,181 2,220 2,254 2,275 2,317 2,351
Other automated warnings 47 34 n/a 61 61 59 59 55 47 44
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
a. Source: Transport Canada IRIS database. The data for 2012 was provided on March 1, 2013. Figures for previous years are snapshots provided historically by Transport Canada.
Table 8. Crossing accidents by province 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Crossing accidents 244 221 223 188 180 171 192 184 185 165
Newfoundland & Labrador 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 4 3 0 3 3 0 1 0 0 2
New Brunswick 2 2 2 4 5 6 3 2 6 7
Quebec 38 39 28 28 21 27 18 16 23 28
Ontario 67 52 66 48 52 39 41 40 44 29
Manitoba 21 22 13 18 20 7 26 19 17 19
Saskatchewan 26 23 28 24 24 23 32 37 34 23
Alberta 56 49 55 36 37 47 49 50 40 38
British Columbia 29 31 31 25 18 20 22 19 21 19
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0
Crossing accidents on main-track (a) 234 214 213 180 174 167 182 171 173 159
Crossing accidents per million main-track train-miles (b) 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.1
Crossing accidents with derailment 4 6 6 6 3 4 3 6 9 6
Fatalities 28 26 28 19 24 25 33 30 21 15
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 0 0
Quebec 6 1 7 1 1 4 1 2 9 4
Ontario 14 12 12 3 6 9 12 13 5 5
Manitoba 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 0 1 1
Saskatchewan 1 2 3 5 5 1 8 3 2 0
Alberta 4 5 3 3 6 5 6 7 2 3
British Columbia 1 4 1 3 2 2 2 4 2 2
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries 30 23 37 21 28 22 32 27 29 17
Newfoundland & Labrador 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 4 2 3 3 3 4 1 1 3 2
Ontario 9 7 11 3 5 7 8 15 3 0
Manitoba 5 3 4 3 5 1 7 0 7 2
Saskatchewan 2 4 5 4 2 2 6 5 7 2
Alberta 8 5 8 5 8 4 7 5 5 6
British Columbia 1 1 5 3 3 4 3 1 4 6
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Number of public crossings (c) 18,553 17,450 n/a 17,425 16,718 16,413 16,229 16,113 15,950 15,724
Newfoundland & Labrador 7 5 n/a 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Nova Scotia 160 119 n/a 180 180 180 180 182 182 182
New Brunswick 308 148 n/a 347 340 340 340 342 343 344
Quebec 1,767 1,662 n/a 1,958 1,964 1,966 1,968 1,967 1,921 1,902
Ontario 4,947 4,083 n/a 4,312 3,996 3,915 3,884 3,792 3,782 3,743
Manitoba 2,363 2,309 n/a 2,027 2,003 2,002 1,939 1,929 1,914 1,862
Saskatchewan 5,439 4,986 n/a 4,065 3,933 3,710 3,656 3,652 3,597 3,509
Alberta 2,655 2,854 n/a 3,009 2,786 2,783 2,777 2,767 2,731 2,724
British Columbia 888 1,265 n/a 1,507 1,485 1,486 1,454 1,451 1,449 1,432
Northwest Territories/Yukon 19 19 n/a 15 26 26 26 26 26 21
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
a. Includes crossing accidents on main-track or on spurs.
b. The source for million main-track train-miles is Transport Canada. Data is estimated.
c. Source: Transport Canada IRIS database. The data for 2015 was provided on March 1, 2013. Figures for previous years are snapshots provided historically by Transport Canada.
Table 9. Trespasser accidents by province 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Trespasser accidents 90 97 71 71 81 66 72 58 55 50
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 1 4 2 3 1 2 1 1 0 1
Quebec 10 12 12 12 13 8 11 7 6 5
Ontario 42 47 37 35 35 32 32 31 22 23
Manitoba 4 5 4 1 3 1 2 2 2 1
Saskatchewan 2 0 3 4 3 2 6 2 2 4
Alberta 17 13 6 4 9 7 9 7 10 4
British Columbia 14 14 6 12 17 13 11 8 13 12
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fatal accidents 58 55 45 52 53 43 44 44 32 30
Fatalities 59 55 45 52 55 43 45 44 33 30
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 0 3 2 3 0 1 1 1 0 1
Quebec 7 7 9 7 10 6 8 4 2 5
Ontario 30 32 24 30 27 26 19 27 16 13
Manitoba 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1
Saskatchewan 1 0 2 2 2 1 4 2 1 1
Alberta 11 7 3 3 6 2 6 4 5 3
British Columbia 9 4 3 6 8 6 5 4 8 6
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serious injuries 27 24 20 15 19 21 22 10 21 17
Newfoundland & Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Quebec 3 3 0 3 4 2 2 3 4 0
Ontario 13 7 12 5 5 6 13 3 6 8
Manitoba 2 3 2 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Saskatchewan 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 4
Alberta 3 3 2 1 3 4 2 1 4 1
British Columbia 4 7 2 5 5 7 5 3 6 4
Northwest Territories/Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
Table 10. Reportable incidents (incident type, assigned factors) 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Reportable incidents 220 223 216 209 188 233 238 224 218 216
Dangerous goods leaker* 82 88 64 78 68 79 93 94 63 33
Main-track switch in abnormal position 7 7 13 4 5 10 5 7 7 13
Movement exceeds limits of authority 101 106 111 106 101 118 120 98 129 142
Runaway rolling stock 12 13 16 13 5 16 13 14 10 14
Signal less restrictive than required 6 0 3 1 4 3 1 1 2 5
Unprotected overlap of authorities 7 8 7 7 4 7 5 4 5 6
Crew member incapacitated 5 1 2 0 1 0 1 6 2 2
Total assigned factors 217 173 225 214 195 240 245 229 230 221
Dangerous goods leaker location/component 78 73 61 77 68 78 92 92 61 32
Equipment 1 0 5 2 2 1 2 4 2 3
Individual/Personal 13 4 3 0 0 0 1 4 1 3
Track 3 0 2 2 1 5 2 2 3 8
Actions 116 90 148 131 114 144 139 116 158 165
Failure to protect 31 38 55 34 35 55 38 33 37 41
Failure to secure 8 1 10 7 4 11 4 7 2 8
Failure to use equipment properly 5 1 3 4 3 5 1 9 9 2
Inadequate/Inappropriate communication 11 4 6 8 8 11 14 8 15 10
Lap of authority 55 41 65 72 59 59 75 54 83 96
Vandalism 0 3 1 3 1 2 5 1 3 3
Other actions 6 2 8 3 4 1 2 4 9 5
Other assigned factors 6 6 6 2 10 12 9 11 5 10
Incidents by number of assigned factors 220 223 216 209 188 233 238 224 218 216
One factor assigned 164 163 206 204 181 226 230 220 207 207
More than one factor assigned 24 5 9 5 7 7 7 4 11 6
No factor assigned 32 55 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 3
Data extracted April 21, 2016.
Federally regulated railway occurrences.
TSB does not investigate all occurrences; therefore, assigned factors may not represent TSB findings. Occurrences are normally only reported to TSB with one assigned factor. The TSB may assign additional factors.
Some factors are assigned by highest category (e.g. Actions), therefore the breakdowns may not sum up to the category total.
*New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under the new reporting requirements the minimum reporting threshold for incidents (200 litres) involving the release of low vapour pressure flammable liquids has been harmonized with Part 8 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.

Appendix B - Definitions

The following definitions apply to railway occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the associated regulations.Footnote 14

Railway occurrence

  • Any accident or incident associated with the operation of rolling stock on a railway, and
  • Any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described in paragraph (a) above.

Reportable railway accident

  1. a person is killed or sustains a serious injury as a result of
    • getting on or off or being on board the rolling stock, or
    • coming into contact with any part of the rolling stock or its contents;
  2. the rolling stock or its contents
    • are involved in a collision or derailment,
    • sustain damage that affects the safe operation of the rolling stock,
    • cause or sustain a fire or explosion, or
    • cause damage to the railway that poses a threat to the safe passage of rolling stock or to the safety of any person, property or the environment;

Reportable railway incident

  1. a risk of collision occurs between rolling stock;
  2. an unprotected main track switch or subdivision track switch is left in an abnormal position;
  3. a railway signal displays a less restrictive indication than that required for the intended movement of rolling stock;
  4. rolling stock occupies a main track or subdivision track, or track work takes place, in contravention of the Rules or any regulations made under the Railway Safety Act;
  5. rolling stock passes a signal indicating stop in contravention of the Rules or any regulations made under the Railway Safety Act;
  6. there is an unplanned and uncontrolled movement of rolling stock;
  7. a crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the rolling stock is unable to perform their duties as a result of a physical incapacitation which poses a threat to the safety of persons, property or the environment; or
  8. there is an accidental release on board or from a rolling stock consisting of a quantity of dangerous goods or an emission of radiation that is greater than the quantity or emission level specified in Part 8 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations.

Serious injury

  1. a fracture of any bone, except simple fractures of fingers, toes or the nose;
  2. lacerations that cause severe hemorrhage or nerve, muscle or tendon damage;
  3. an injury to an internal organ;
  4. second or third degree burns, or any burns affecting more than 5% of the body surface;
  5. a verified exposure to infectious substances or injurious radiation; or
  6. an injury that is likely to require hospitalization.

Dangerous goods involvement

“Dangerous goods” has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations, 1992. An accident is considered to have dangerous goods involvement if any car in the consist carrying (or having last contained) a dangerous good derails, strikes or is struck by any other rolling stock or object. It does not mean that there was any release of any product. Also included are crossing accidents in which the motor vehicle involved (e.g., tanker truck) is carrying a dangerous good.

Derailment

Any instance where one or more wheels of rolling stock have come off the normal running surface of the rail, including occurrences where there are no injuries and no damage to track or equipment.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refer to the appendix for the definition of reportable railway accident.

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Footnote 2

“Derailment” means any instance where one or more wheels of rolling stock have come off the normal running surface of the rail.

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Footnote 3

Other accident types include but are not limited to, trespasser, collisions/derailments involving track units, rolling stock collision with object, or employee/passenger accidents.

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Footnote 4

Accidents involving dangerous goods can include road vehicles carrying dangerous goods.

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Footnote 5

Trespasser accidents involve persons, primarily pedestrians, not authorized to be on railway rights-of-way and who are struck by rolling stock other than at railway crossings.

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Footnote 6

A crossing accident occurs when railway rolling stock is involved in a grade-crossing collision with a motor vehicle or pedestrian, resulting in death, serious injury or property damage.

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Footnote 7

Accidents which occur on main-track or spurs (not including crossing and trespasser accidents) are combined in order to match the figures used in the activity data, which is based on combined main track and spur million track miles.

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Footnote 8

As provided to TSB by the Strategic Information Branch of Transport Canada.

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Footnote 9

Occurrences are normally reported to TSB with one assigned factor. Since multiple factors can contribute to an occurrence, the TSB may assign additional factors to an occurrence. Note that when multiple factors are assigned to an accident, they are considered to have acted in combination to contribute to the occurrence.

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Footnote 10

Actions-related factors are, but not limited to, non-compliance with prescribed procedures such as failure to protect or failure to secure. Note that in previous publications, Actions-related factors were referred to as Rules-related factors.

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Footnote 11

New TSB regulations came into effect on 01 July 2014. The new regulations require that all derailments be reported, including minor derailments where there were no injuries and no damage to track or equipment.

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Footnote 12

A movement exceeds limits of authority incident occurrs when rolling stock occupies a main track or subdivision track, or track work takes place, in contravention of the Rules or any regulations made under the Railway Safety Act.

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Footnote 13

Under the new reporting requirements the minimum reporting threshold for incidents (200 litres) involving the release of low vapour pressure flammable liquids has been harmonized with Part 8 of the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations. Formerly, any release of that product type was reportable.

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Footnote 14

In effect until 12 March, 2014.

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